The Scottish salmon farming industry has launched a £400,000 R&D programme aimed at improving sustainability and environmental performance and lowering production costs. More accurate monitoring of farms' green credentials will be developed, along with better economic modelling to determine the optimum farming conditions. There will also be more research into sea lice management, new technologies for freshwater farms and acoustic devices to deter predators. Funding for the project will be provided by industry stakeholders including the Scottish Salmon Producers' Organisation, the Scottish government, producers and suppliers. "The farmed fish sector is of great value to Scotland and we need to ensure its sustainable economic growth for the future," said Scottish environment minister Michael Russell. The Scottish salmon industry is worth £197m, and the country exports more than 12 million salmon to 60 countries.