Eating Scottish salmon from Scotland is a key way for the Scots to improve their diet, said Sid Patten, chief executive of the Scottish Salmon Producers' Organisation.
The review of the Scottish Diet Action Plan shows that that Scots are eating less than a third of a portion of oil-rich fish a week and consumption is falling.
Patten said: "While UK salmon sales soar, Scots are failing to take advantage of its health benefits. Experts recommend that we eat at least one portion of oil-rich fish per week. I welcome calls for discussions between food producers, government and communities to help change Scotland's poor eating habits."