The horrendous floods and volatile weather across Europe is playing havoc with winter crop forecasts.
Although the serious flooding does not appear to have created any major problems in the leading production areas of northern Europe, other areas were not so lucky.
Some Italian and Spanish regions are already reporting severe damage, although with crops such as citrus and apples in a general state of overproduction, the effect is difficult to gauge. Confragricoltura, the Italian producer organisation, reported hail damage last month across Emilia Romagna, which is internationally known for apples and pears, while Greek grape plantations were also damaged.
Crops in the Valencia region of Spain have been hit by rain and high winds and local estimates put the damage at above E100m.
However, Dutch and English onion growers are confident yields will be good.

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