Cost and complexity make it hard to impose effective yet commercially efficient food safety measures, as demonstrated by the introduction of butchers' licences in Scotland turning into a fiasco. Nearly a third of applicants failed to meet the new standards, despite strong trade support for the principle of licensing. Traders' leader Alan Stevenson claimed, with discreet support even from regulators, the high failure rate was due to uncoordinated publication, interpretation and enforcement of the guidelines by local authorities. {{MEAT }}