A new report by the UN's Food & Agriculture Organisation has found that the global dairy industry is responsible for 4% of global greenhouse gas emissions.

The report mapped emissions caused by milk production, processing and transportation as well as those related to meat production from animals originating from the dairy system.

"This report is fundamental to understand and identify opportunities for reducing the environmental impact of the dairy sector while providing safe and nutritious foodstuffs," said director of the UN FAO's animal production and health division.

The UK report, which found that milk produced in Western Europe had a relatively small carbon footprint, was been welcomed by the UK dairy industry.

“British dairy farmers and the dairy industry are already working hard to reduce emissions and this report gives us even more motivation to continue that work,” said DairyCo research and development manager Dr Karen Wonnacott.

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