Sir Stuart was appointed KBE for services to the retail industry and to corporate social responsibility. He has turned the retailer's fortunes around since becoming CEO in 2004 and last January launched a five-year plan to combat climate change, reduce waste and trade ethically.
Ian Good, chairman of Scottish spirits company the Edrington Group, which makes brands such as The Famous Grouse and Highland Park, was knighted for services to industry in Scotland. Sir Ian joined the Edrington Group in 1969 and was appointed chairman in 1994.
Dr Debby Reynolds, who quit unexpectedly in November as Defra's chief veterinary officer, was appointed Order of the Bath. She was chief veterinary officer for four years and was in charge of handling the outbreak of foot and mouth last August, as well as recent outbreaks of avian flu and bluetongue.
Penny Newman, chief executive officer of Fairtrade coffee, tea and cocoa supplier Cafédirect, was appointed OBE for services to ethical business. Newman, who joined Cafédirect in 1998, said she was honoured to receive the OBE, but added: "This award goes to each and every one at Cafédirect. Without the team at Cafédirect and partners, including the 39 grower organisations, Cafédirect and Fairtrade would not feature in people's minds."
Also appointed OBE was Callton Young, director of sustainability and competitiveness at the Food and Drink Federation (FDF).
Dr George Patterson, director of the Food Standards Agency Scotland, and John Mills, former director of rural policy at Defra, were appointed CBEs.
Tim Brigstocke, former chairman of the Royal Association of British Dairy Farmers, and Thomas Wood, chairman of ingredients supplier Ripon Select Foods, were appointed MBEs.